Unlike most dog events, working dog competitions are not so much a test of how well a dog can do a particular exercise, but a more fundamental examination of the dog's temperament.

Protection for the Working Class


The following outline will hopefully make the protection phase for the Working Class dogs in the show more consistent and allow handlers to know exactly what is expected.



The most common congenital anomaly of the scrotum and testicles is the apparent absence of one or both gonads. I use the word “apparent” because the missing testicle(s) usually are actually present inside the body cavity of the dog.

Birth Defects: Cleft Palate Why and When


Hope that you never have a litter with cleft palates. But if you do, this may explain the cause of at least some cases.

Calcinosis Cutis, Calcium Circumscripta, Canine Gout


The subject ailment is an imbalance in mineral assimilation resulting in abnormal deposits, sometimes between bones, often in layers of the skin or integument. Calcium deposits in the skin can be the result of injury, of metabolic changes, or of unknown factors. Since mineralization (calcium deposits) in skin can occur in a wide variety of unrelated diseases, a common thread among them is not easy to establish.

German Sieger Show Bremen 2000


I recently led a tour of Europe for a small group of people from all over the U.S. and even one from Germany. The center of focus was the German Bundessiegerzuchtschau (“Bunde” can refer to a German club, you know that “Sieger” means “winner”, and “zucht” means breed or, in this instance, conformation), where representatives from most.

Breeding Schemes

Breeders often talk about inbreeding and outcrossing as though they were the only possibilities -- and generally with negative comments about the latter. There are other possibilities, and I have long been a proponent of assortative mating. It is not a theoretical concept that doesn't work in practice; I know several breeders who do it and achieve good results. This essay will attempt to explain why it is a good idea, but first I need to define the aternatives.


New more invasive strains of streptococci have recently appeared, resulting in frightening new diseases in both humans and dogs.  Both humans and dogs can develop streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, with the rapid development of symptoms of shock, high fever (104 to 107 degrees Fahrenheit), cough, abnormalities of coagulation and rapid death.

Purebred Dog Breeds into the Twenty-First Century: Achieving Genetic Health for Our Dogs Part 2

The difference between the fittest genotype of a population and the average fitness of that population is known as genetic load. [Muller, 1950] It is, of course, caused by the presence of lethal, sublethal and subvital alleles.

Purebred Dog Breeds into the Twenty-First Century: Achieving Genetic Health for Our Dogs

A correct and full understanding of these simple truisms is vital to the proper functioning of the entire canine fancy and to the health and well being of the animals which are the object of that fancy.